Summer Foods to Include in a COPD Diet

As temperatures soar around the country, there’s no better time to stock up on fresh summer produce and other wholesome, in-season foods to include in your COPD diet. Experts agree that a high consumption of fruits and vegetables is associated with a reduced risk of many chronic (ongoing) illnesses, including COPD.[1] What’s more, a healthy diet that includes fish, fruit and dairy products is associated with improved lung function, less emphysema, improved six-minute walk scores and lower St. George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) scores.[2] Which foods should you concentrate on? Check out the following:

  • Bring on the brightly colored vegetables like broccoli, carrots, tomatoes, leafy greens (if not on blood thinners) sweet potatoes and Brussel sprouts as they may play a role in protecting your health. What’s color got to do with it? Bright colored vegetables (and fruit too) are loaded with phytochemicals, nutrient-rich plant compounds that neutralize free radicals which can damage your cells and tissues and lead to chronic illness.[3] For best results, try mixing them up in a refreshing summer salad like this oil-free Raw Veggie Chopped Salad from Vegie Inspired.
  • Branch out with brightly colored fruits, particularly those high in antioxidants like apples, berries, cherries and citrus fruits as they have been linked to a lowered risk of COPD. In fact, one study found that increasing your consumption of fruits by 100 grams (approximately one serving) a day lowered COPD risk by 24 percent.[4] Looking for a great summer fruit salad recipe? Check out this Minted Summer Fruit Salad with Balsamic Maple Dressing from Vegan Vigilante.
  • Don’t omit omega-3’s as they may protect the lungs from chronic inflammation (linked to many chronic diseases) thus shielding them from the harmful effects of smoking. Omega-3 fatty acids are found in fatty fish (tuna, salmon, herring, mackerel), cooking oils (canola, flaxseed, soybean), nuts (walnuts, butternuts), flaxseed and soybeans. Ready to beef up your intake of omega-3’s? Consider this Summer Salmon Nicoise Salad from Cooking Light, the best way to cook when the heat is on in the kitchen.
  • Dip into dairy by indulging in this Strawberry Ice Cream Shake from BBC Good Food. If you decide to make this decadent summer shake, be sure to substitute regular milk with low or non-fat and strawberry ice cream with low-fat strawberry yogurt. Why? Low-fat dairy intake included in a COPD diet is modestly associated with higher FEV1, FVC and FEV1/FVC.[5] If dairy products cause you to produce thicker mucus, you may want to avoid them.
  • Keep it simple with soy found in foods like tofu and soy bean sprouts as studies have discovered that increasing soy consumption is associated with a decreased risk of COPD and breathlessness.[6] Looking for a great soy recipe? Try this Simple Southwest Tofu Scramble from Minimalist Baker.

For more information about foods to include in a healthy, COPD diet, consult a nutritionist who specializes in COPD.

 

[1] Kaluza J, Larsson SC, Orsini N, et al. Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of COPD: a prospective cohort study of men Thorax. Published Online First: 22 February 2017. doi: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2015-207851.

[2] Corrine Hanson , , Harlan Sayles , Erica Rutten , Emiel F.M. Wouters , William MacNee , Peter M. Calverley ,Stephen I. Rennard. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2014;189:A5949.

[3] Rui Hai Liu. Health benefits of fruit and vegetables are from additive and synergistic combinations of phytochemicals. Am J Clin Nutr September 2003. vol. 78 no. 3 517S-520S.

[4] Boeing, H., Bechthold, A., Bub, A., Ellinger, S., Haller, D., Kroke, A., … Watzl, B. (2012). Critical review: vegetables and fruit in the prevention of chronic    diseases. European Journal of Nutrition51(6), 637–663. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-012-0380-y.

[5] Jiang, R., Jacobs, D. R., He, K., Hoffman, E., Hankinson, J., Nettleton, J. A., & Barr, R. G. (2010). Associations of dairy intake with CT lung density and lung function. Journal of the American College of Nutrition29(5), 494–502.

[6] Hirayama F, et. al. Soy consumption and risk of COPD and respiratory symptoms: a case-control study in Japan. Respir Res. 2009 Jun 26;10:56. doi: 10.1186/1465-9921-10-56.

5 thoughts on “Summer Foods to Include in a COPD Diet”

  1. myrtle brown says:

    super thanks

  2. Judith McGovern says:

    I was never told my diet could help me.I love ice cream so much but it does cause k
    Much more mucus.

    1. Inogen Inogen says:

      Hi Judith, Ice cream is great in the summertime! However milk can cause mucus to build up in COPD patients. By making homemade ice cream or a smoothie, you can limit or substitute milk with low or non-fat yogurt. There are also great recipes out there for sorbets, which typically are milk-free. If you do purchase ice cream or sorbet this summer, make sure to look at the ingredients on the label.

  3. dorothy ashlock says:

    Bring on the brightly colored vegetables like broccoli, carrots, tomatoes, leafy greens (if not on blood thinners) sweet potatoes and Brussel sprouts as they may play a role in protecting your health.
    so what does this mean? if not on blood thinners.
    I am, does it mean I shouldn't eat these? I also have low blood count, so I eat the greens. please respond.

    1. Inogen Inogen says:

      Hi Dorothy, Before starting or stopping any diet plan, please consult your doctor. In most cases, leafy green vegetables like broccoli, kale, and spinach are wholesome healthy foods that most people don’t eat enough of. But your doctor may advise you to follow certain dietary guidelines if you’re on blood-thinning medication. Some guidelines might include limiting your intake of leafy green vegetables or at least keeping your consumption consistent from week to week. Please consult your doctor before making any dietary changes. For more information about leafy greens and blood thinners, please visit: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/thrombophlebitis/expert-answers/warfarin/faq-20058443 and https://www.livestrong.com/article/537821-can-prunes-be-taken-while-on-blood-thinners/

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